Reasoning Tricks Topic wise, Study Material, Short Tricks for SBI, IBPS, RRB Bank PO, Clerk, Check Reasoning Tricks & Notes for SBI PO/Clerk/IBPS/RBI Bank Exams 2023, Alphabet Test, Logical Sequence of Words, Classification Test, Analogy, Series Completion, Coding-decoding, Input Output, Blood Relation, Direction Sense Test, Sitting Arrangements, Alpha-numeric Sequence Test, Number, Ranking and Time Sequence Test, Mathematical Operations, Arithmetical Reasoning, Logical Venn Diagram, Syllogism, Cause and Effect, Statement & Assumptions

## Reasoning Tricks Topic wise:-

**Important Facts about Letters**

- We know A, E , I, 0 and U are vowels of English alphabet and remaining letters are consonants of English alphabets.
- A ® 4 M (A to M) letters are called first half of English alphabets.
- N ® 4 Z (N to Z) letters are called second half of English alphabets.
- To the left means Z ® A (Z to A)
- To the right means A ® Z (A to Z)

### Reasoning – Logical Sequence of Words

- Presentation
- Recommendation
- Arrival
- Discussion
- Introduction

Answer is {3, 5, 1, 4, 2}

#### Reasoning (Verbal) : Classification

Example 2. Find the odd man out.

- (1) AK
- (2) CM
- (3) EP
- (4) DN
- (5) None of these

Solution. (3) Except EP {option (3) }, the rest has a gap of 10 letters between them.

#### Number Analogy

**Typical relationships between the numbers in a given pair can be any of the following :**

- One number is a multiple of the other.
- the One number is the square or square root of the other.
- One number is the cube or cube root of the other.
- The 2 numbers can be consecutive, even, odd or prime numbers.

**Example 1: 3 : 81 : : 6 : ?**

- (a) 1296

(b) 1269

(c) 1692

(d) 1926**Solution.**(a) n : n^{4}relation here (3) and (3)^{4}= (81)

Similarly, (6) and (6)^{4}= 1296

__Number Series__

__Number Series____Prime Number Series:__

Example 1. 4, 9, 25, 49, 121, 169,…

(a) 324 (b) 289 (c) 225 (d) 196

Solution. (b) The next prime number is 289.

**Multiplication Series:**

Example 2, 4, 8, 16, 32…

(a) 56 (b) 64 (c) 86 (d) 106

Solution. (a) The numbers are multiplied by 2 to get the next number. 32 × 2 = 64

**Difference Series:**

Example 4, 7, 10, 13, 16,…. 22

(a) 16 (b) 17 (c) 20 (d) 19

Solution. (d) The difference between the numbers is 3. = 16 + 3 = 19

**Division Series:**

**Example**. 5040, 720, 120, 24, ….2,1

(a) 8 (b) 7 (c) 6 (d) 5 Solution. (c)

#### Coding – Decoding

__Blood Relations__

__Blood Relations__In such problems, the aptitude of aspirants is shown by the knowledge of the various blood relations. The typical relationships that are commonly used in blood relation problems are summarized as follows

- Father’s or Mother’s son = Brother
- Father’s or Mother’s daughter = Sister
- Father’s or Mother’s brother = Uncle
- Father’s or Mother’s sister = Aunt
- Father’s or Mother’s father = Grandfather
- Father’s or Mother’s mother = Grandmother
- Brother’s or Sister’s Son = Nephew
- Brother’s or Sister’s Daughter = Niece
- Uncle’s or Aunt’s son or daughter = Cousin
- Sister’s Husband = Brother-in-law
- Brother’s wife = Sister-in-law
- Son’s wife = Daughter-in-law
- Daughter’s Husband = Son-in-law
- Husband’s or wife’s sister = Sister-in-law
- Husband’s or wife’s Brother = Brother-in-law

#### Direction Test

A Boy was going towards west, then he turned left, then turned 90° in clockwise direction. In which direction was he going now ?

(a) East

(b) West

(c) North

(d) None of these

Solution: (b)

### Sitting Arrangements

__For Rectangular Arrangement__

__A <-> B (Front with each other)__

__C<-> D (Front with watch other)__

__For Hexagonal Arrangement__

__A <-> D (Front with each other)__

__B <-> E (Front with each other)__

__C <->F (Front with each other)__

__Reasoning – Alpha-Numeric Sequence Test __

__Reasoning – Alpha-Numeric Sequence Test____R * T J L 2 $ D = M # 8 C % B < K 1 & A W ? P E + Q @ 7 F 6__

How many such numbers are there in the above sequence, each of which is immediately preceded by a consonant and immediately followed by a symbol?

- Nil
- One
- Three
- Four
- None of these Answer: – 5 None of these

**Number Test**

**Reasoning Ability Syllabus for Bank Exam 2023**

**Clocks & Calendars****Direction Sense****Coding-Decoding****Logical Sequence****Alpha-Numeric-Symbol Series****Machine Input-Output****Data Sufficiency****Inequalities****Order and Ranking****Puzzles****Seating Arrangements****Blood Relation****Syllogism**- Logical Reasoning (Passage Inference,
**Statement and Assumption**, Statement & Conclusion, Argument and Cause & Effect)

**Example **How many 3s are there in the following number sequence which are immediately preceded by 7 and immediately followed by 6?

Terms : 7 3 3 9 4 3 7 6 4 3 9 8 7 3 6 7 6 4 3 2 3 6 7 8

- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4 Solution. (a) Here,7 3 3 9 4 3 7 6 4 3 9 8 7 3 6 7 6 4 3 2 3 6 7 8

#### Symbols and Notations

Symbols for these types of questions stand for mathematical operations like +, –, ×, ÷, > , <, ³, £, = and #. So, the candidates must replace the symbols by mathematical operations and apply the :””BODMAS’”” rule to find the value of the given expression. Other symbols which can be used are DÑ, *, @, $, etc, with proper definitions. Some examples are given below

Example 1: If ‘+’ means ‘–’, ‘–’ means ‘×’, ‘×’ means and ‘means’ ‘÷’, and ‘÷’ mean ‘+’ then 15 × 3 ÷ 15 + 5 – 2 = ?

- 0
- 10
- 20
- 6 Solution. (b): 15 × 3 = 15 + 5 – 2 after changing the signs = 15 = 3 + 15 – 5 × 2 = 5 + 15 – 10 =10

**Logical Venn Diagram**

**Syllogism**

**Cause and Effect**

**Statement & Assumptions**

### Reasoning Input/ Output Example

Directions :- A word arrangement machine, when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is the illustration of the Input and the steps of arrangement:

Input: Mahesh mood varies with time and environment

Step I: varies with Mahesh mood environment and time

Step II: and time environment mood Mahesh varies with

Step III: environment time and varies with mood Mahesh

Step-IV: and varies environment time Mahesh mood with

And so on for subsequent steps. You have to find out the logic and answer the questions given below.

- If Step V reads “bees are king juice from colour flowers”, what would Step III read?

- sucking are bees colour flowers juice from
- colour juice from bees sucking flowers are
- colour flowers from Juice sucking bees are
- from juice colour flowers are bees sucking
- None of these
- Answer: – 4 {from juice colour flowers are bees sucking}